What is Tooth Enamel Erosion? Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Tooth Enamel Erosion

What is enamel erosion?

Enamel erosion is simply described as the loss of enamel. Enamel is the hardest outer layer of the tooth surface. Its main purpose is to protect the inner layers of the tooth. But over time certain factors can directly or indirectly cause excessive wearing away of enamel, eventually leading to exposure to the sensitive dentin layer.

Symptoms of enamel erosion

  • Sensitivity
  • Discoloration of tooth
  • Cracks and chips
  • Smooth, shiny surfaces
  • Rough edges on teeth
  • Clear and slightly translucent teeth
  • Tooth fracturing

Causes of enamel erosion

  • Consumption of acidic or sugary foods and drinks
  • Chronic dry mouth
  • Intake of excess vitamin C, found in citrus fruits
  • Misaligned bite
  • Chronic acid reflux / Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Genetic disorder (amelogenesis imperfecta or enamel hypoplasia) that affect tooth development.

Treatment options

Enamel erosion is irreversible. Enamel doesn’t have the ability to repair or grow back once it undergoes any physical or chemical damage. We can only prevent it from getting further damaged. The treatment options available for enamel erosion are,

  • Tooth colored fillings
  • Dental laminates/veneers
  • Dental crowns
  • In case of severe sensitivity, Root Canal Treatment followed by crowns.

In order to prevent enamel erosion one has to avoid the things which causes it such as avoiding too much acidic and sugary foods, teeth grinding, drinking enough water to keep mouth hydrated, using right toothpaste. But one has to keep the basic oral hygiene practices along with it such as brushing, flossing, using a mouthwash and visiting the dentist on time.

Enamel erosion is a very slow process. You have to be very cautious if you notice any of the above symptoms of enamel erosion, and also to do the right treatment on time before getting it damaged further.

Indiadens is one of the best dental clinics in Delhi NCR, India. It is very well known for its excellence in dental treatment at affordable cost. The infrastructure and the facilities here exceed international standards. The hygiene and sterilization are immaculate. It is led by one of the best oral surgeons and dental implantologists in Delhi NCR, India, Dr. Ujjwal Gulati. He has been awarded “Best Dentist of the Year” in International Healthcare Pride awards recently.

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